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What's going on down there?

It may seem quiet up on the ice pack that covers the Arctic Ocean, but there's been lots of activity beneath the ice.

For almost 60 years, the American Navy's Arctic Submarine Laboratory has been conducting operations and tests to make sure their submarines have warfighting capabilities in the Arctic, and to increase their knowledge and understanding of the Arctic Ocean.

Some significant submarine events have been:

•  1947 - USS Boarfish conducted the first under-ice dives in the Arctic.

•  1958 - USS Nautilus travelled under the ice to the North Pole and continued on to make the first under-ice crossing of the Arctic Ocean.

•  1958 - USS Skate conducted the first surfacing exercises in the Arctic ice pack - coming up through open-water polynyas.

•  1959 - USS Skate was a bit more adventurous, and became the first sub to push its way through the ice at the North Pole.

•  1960 - USS Seadragon made the first submerged transit of the Northwest Passage. Hey, if ice blocks your way - just go under it!

•  1982 - USS Aspro and USS Tautog made the first 2-ship winter rendezvous at the North Pole.

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Double-click any unlinked word DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
Arctic Library ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
All sorts of Arctic Maps ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
Links to related sites. ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
A Guide to Arctic Sunrise and Sunset GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?

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