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Arctic
From the Athropolis Story...
   Sara's eyes were wide with excitement. What a strange and wonderful place this was - high above the Arctic Circle. No matter which direction she looked, all that she could see was water and ice and snow.

The Arctic
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ARCTIC LIBRARY
ARCTIC LIBRARY
There's just about everything here that you'd ever need to know about the Arctic, listed both ALPHABETICALLY and by CATEGORY. Ideal for students. (Double-click any word on these pages for a "pop-up" definition.)

ARCTIC MAPS
Maps that define the Arctic by the ARCTIC CIRCLE, the TREELINE and TEMPERATURE, our BIG MAP OF THE ARCTIC with current weather reports - and MORE!

GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE AND SUNSET
Tables of daily sunrise and sunset durations in the Arctic. Learn about the "land of the midnight sun", solstices, equinoxes, twilight and MORE!

EARTH VIEWER: LOOKING DOWN ON THE NORTH POLE
Look down on the pole from 1,000,000 km in space. You can adjust the settings to view the Earth from any angle. Very cool stuff!

NOAA ARCTIC THEME PAGE
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration provides Arctic infomation and a set of reputable indicators that describe the present state of the Arctic ecosystem and climate.
Frequently Asked Questions About the Arctic
Gallery of Arctic Images

ARCTIC CHANGE
Providing information on the present state of Arctic ecosystems and climate in historical context. Data and information from reputable scientific sources are presented in a manner that is easy to read and understand.

HUMAN HABITATION IN THE ARCTIC
Many indigenous groups have lived in the Arctic for centuries, and still call it home. Some contemporary occupants of the Arctic and the areas they inhabit are shown on a map.


ARCTIC STUDIES CENTER
Explore the history of northern peoples, cultures, environments and issues that matter to northern residents today. Join us as we excavate arctic sites; support efforts to preserve cultural heritage; and share the treasures preserved in museum collections and archives.

ARCTIC GLOSSARY
A very extensive list of terms related to the Arctic.

BLUBBER MANIA
Make blubber mitts and learn how animals insulate themselves against the cold.

ARCTIC CLIMATE PRIMER FOR NEWCOMERS TO THE NORTH
A collection of interesting and informative meteorology and climate facts. Basics of Arctic weather, factors that determine weather and climate, and weather patterns in the Arctic.

HOW TO MAKE ARCTIC SUNGOGGLES
Were sunglasses invented by beach lovers down south?

FROZEN GROUND IN THE ARCTIC
The arctic tundra contains ground features not found in warmer regions. The arctic is so cold that the ground beneath the tundra surface remains frozen all year.

WHY IS THE ARCTIC COLD?
It is colder in the Arctic, on average, than any other place except the Antarctic. Why?

ARCTIC MONTHLY PRECIPITATION
Did you know that the Arctic is a desert? It's a desert because it gets very little rain or snow. In the winter it is so cold that the little snow that does fall doesn't melt - so deep snow covers the land and the ice. Here's a map that shows you how little it gets.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT THE ARCTIC
Where is it? What's it like there? How do we study it? Who lives there?

GREENLAND GUIDE
This is the Arctic. A world of breathtaking beauty and strength on top of our planet and your mouse is the sledge!

THE TUNDRA
The word tundra derives from the Finnish word for barren or treeless land. The tundra is the simplest biome in terms of species composition and food chains.

ALL THINGS ARCTIC
A great Arctic Frequently Asked Questions section, and lots of additional information on history, people/cultures, science, environment and countries.

TUNDRA TOPICS
Below a thin layer of tundra soil is its permafrost, a permanently frozen layer of ground. During the brief summers, the top section of the soil may thaw just long enough to allow plants and microorganisms to grow and reproduce.

ARCTIC CIRCLE
The name given the region around the North Pole. It includes the Arctic Ocean, thousands of islands, and the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and North America, including the Arctic and Subarctic regions of Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Scandinavia, Siberia and the Russian Far East.

ARCTIC NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE - WILD LANDS
The Arctic Refuge contains remote, complete, and undisturbed lands across five different ecological regions: lagoons, beaches and saltmarshes of coastal marine areas; coastal plain tundra; alpine tundra of the Brooks Range; the forest-tundra transition south of the mountains; and tall spruce, birch, and aspen of the boreal forest.

THE ARCTIC OCEAN
The Arctic Ocean is one of the world’s seven seas. Its top is frozen and the floating ice is around 16 million sq. km, (greater than the US), shrinking in summer to 9 million sq. km. As the ice shrinks, open water leads expose the black water.

EXPLORAPOLES - EXTREME ADVENTURES IN ARCTIC & ANTARCTIC
A website of the International Polar Foundation. It provides an overview of polar expeditions and explorers. They hope that, through adventure, one can discover these fabulous regions and their importance for our planet's climate system.

POLYNYAS IN CHANGING POLAR SEAS
In the current context of global change, polynyas have received much recent attention as possible early indicators of the effects of warming at the poles.

THE ARCTIC MIRAGE
This atmospheric phenomenon allowed explorers to see the unseeable, to see what was over the horizon before they got there.

SEA ICE
Pancake ice, pack ice, bay ice, rotton ice... they're all here!

ARCTIC TIMELINE: 1496-1962
The exploration of the North has extended over five hundred years and rather than finding a northwest passage to the eastern trade, it discovered a great fur trade and valuable fisheries, and even great oil fields. Early crews were often separated from their homes for years and some never returned.

ARCTIC EXPLORATION TIMELINE
Significant historical events for the last 18,000 years.

CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF ALASKA
Here are the historical facts for which there are written records. Until contact with Europeans, the history of Native Alaskans was preserved through the oral tradition and in the 250 years since Europeans found Alaska, much of that oral history has been lost.

GLOSSARY OF ARCTIC EXPEDITION TERMS
Terms related to navigation through ice, and specifically related to situations and conditions encountered by Arctic explorers.

SAMI HISTORY
Long before the Swedish, Finnish or even the Viking culture had developed, the Scandinavian peninsula was populated by the Saemieh (now referred to as Sami or Saami).

REACHING THE NORTH POLE
What is it about the North Pole that continues to attract adventurers from around the world? That dot on the map has a magic that is irresistible to some, undoubtedly enhanced by the journals of early explorers searching for the elusive Northwest and Northeast Passages.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS IN THE ARCTIC
The arctic is a unique setting in which ecological activity is both accelerated and slowed down. Biological activity during the short summer season is heightened, while cold weather during the rest of the year slows other biological processes such as decomposition and absorption.

ARCTICSTAT
ArcticStat is a permanent, public and independent statistical database dealing with the countries, regions and populations of the Circumpolar Arctic.

HISTORIC ARCTIC EXPEDITIONS
Arctic and Sub-Arctic expedition chronology, including Northwest Passage, Arctic, Scientific, Relief, and Polar Expeditions.

DIAMOND EXPLORATION IN RUSSIA
In the 1930s, academician Vladimir S. Sobolev recognized similarities between the ancient bedrock of Siberia and that of South Africa and Botswana. He concluded that major diamond deposits in Siberia were possible.

ARCTIC INSTITUTE OF NORTH AMERICA
The institute's mandate is to advance the study of the North American and circumpolar Arctic through the natural and social sciences, the arts and humanities and to acquire, preserve and disseminate information on physical, environmental and social conditions in the North.

POLAR NEWS FROM THE DANISH POLAR CENTER
Lots of current information here.



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